Is Krishna partial? - Part 7

Hare Krishna Prabhujis and Matajis,
Please accept my humble obeisances. All glories to Srila Prabhupada and Srila Gurudev.

We will continue our journey through the First Chapter of Seventh Canto of Srimad Bhagavatam where glorious and very powerful spiritual masters like Sukadev Goswami and Narada Muni are answering the doubts of great disciples like Parikshit Maharaj and Maharaja Yudhisthira about whether Krishna is partial to some and inimical to others. In the previous offerings we saw that the following are some of the points put forth by these stalwarts to progressively prove the impartial nature of Krishna,

1. Krishna is transcendental to material qualities. 
2. The prominent mode becomes victorious. 
3. Everyone enjoys the fruits of his qualitative activities (karma). 
4. Krishna responds according to one's receptiveness.
5. Time's influence is impartial.
6. Krishna is not under the time factor and therefore impartial. 
7. Krishna is not only impartial but very merciful as well. 
8. Krishna is unaffected by dualities like blasphemy or prayers.

We will now continue to learn more proofs of Krishna's impartiality.

9. Krishna reciprocates irrespective of the way we approach: Irrespective of the way one approaches Krishna, He treats everyone alike. More than the type of relationship one cultivates towards Him, it is the intensity of our feeling, bhaava that is more important to Him and He reciprocates according to the proportion of that intensity. That is why He states in BG 9.26, "If one offers Me with love and devotion a leaf, a flower, fruit or water, I will accept it." Krishna does not need anything as He is self-sufficient, yet He accepts anything that is offered to Him with genuine love. He looks at the bhaava behind the offering. In SB 7.1.26 Narada Muni tells Maharaja Yudhisthira, 

tasmād vairānubandhena nirvaireṇa bhayena vā
snehāt kāmena vā yuñjyāt kathañcin nekṣate pṛthak

Therefore by enmity or by devotional service, by fear, by affection or by lusty desire - by all of these or any one of them - if a conditioned soul somehow or other concentrates his mind upon the Lord, the result is the same, for the Lord, because of His blissful position, is never affected by enmity or friendship.

a. Devotion out of enmity: From the two examples of Putana and Shishupala, which we have seen in our earlier offerings, it is clear that Krishna is definitely unaffected when an enemy thinks of Him unfavourably or by his anti-devotional service. He offers His benediction to such inimical conditioned souls the same way He favours a pure devotee of His. He only looks at the intensity with which the conditioned soul thinks about Him. Shishupala thought of Krishna as his enemy from the very beginning of his life and he chanted the holy names of the Lord constantly though it was with an inimical attitude. The constant chanting of the holy names purified him. This is the potency of the Holy names. As Caitanya Mahaprabhu says in His śikṣāṣṭakam, "O my Lord, Your holy name alone can render all benediction to living beings, and thus You have hundreds and millions of names, like Krsna and Govinda. In these transcendental names You have invested all Your transcendental energies. There are not even hard and fast rules for chanting these names. O my Lord, out of kindness You enable us to easily approach You by Your holy names, but I am so unfortunate that I have no attraction for them."

Srila Prabhupada writes in the purport of SB 7.1.26 that if even a blasphemer can be freed from his sinful activities by chanting the holy names of the Lord, freedom is certainly assured for a devotee who is always favourable to the service of the Lord. By rapt attention fixed upon Krishna, one is purified and thus one is delivered from material life.

b. Devotion without envy: The word nirvaira means 'without envy' and Srila Prabhupada in the word to word equivalent has beautifully translated it as 'by devotion.' People who are non-envious can easily approach Krishna. Since Sanjaya was non-envious Krishna allowed him to meet him, even when he was having private discussions with Arjuna. No one else were allowed. But Sanjaya was allowed, because he had this devotional attitude of nirvaireṇa.

c. Devotion out of fear: Sometimes we cry out to Krishna when we are in fear or in danger. Our chanting gets intensified when we are in danger. HH Mahavishnu Goswami Maharaj once joked about his experience when he boarded a dilapidated "Sunflower Airlines" flight to go from one island of Fiji to another and the aircraft was in such a pathetic condition that as soon as the flight took off he started chanting intesnsely as he had never done before. He explained the point that the best way to chant nicely is to remember our last day. We have instances from Mahabharat and Bhagavatam where devotees cry out to Krishna helplessly in fear and Krishna rescues them. Draupadi when she was being disrobed in Duryodana's court, she called out to Krishna thus, 

śaṅkha-cakra-gadā-pāṇe dvārakā nilayācyuta 
govinda pundarīkākṣa  rakṣa māṁ śaraṇāgatam

We also have the heart felt prayers of Uttara when Ashvatthaama's brahmaastra try to kill the baby in her womb, SB 1.8.9,

pāhi pāhi mahā-yogin deva-deva jagat-pate
nānyaṁ tvad abhayaṁ paśye yatra mṛtyuḥ parasparam

and of Arjuna when the Brahmastra approached him, SB 1.7.22,

arjuna uvāca
kṛṣṇa kṛṣṇa mahā-bāho bhaktānām abhayaṅkara
tvam eko dahyamānānām apavargo ’si saṁsṛteḥ

Each time Krishna gave mercy and protected whoever called out to Him out of fear.

d. Devotion out of affection: When Lord Krishna went to Vidura's house, Vidura overwhelmed by affection to the Lord unknowingly offered him skin of banana instead of the fruit. But Lord accepted his offering with great satisfaction.

e. Devotion out of lusty desire: The purest maadhurya bhaava of the gopis for Krishna was also recognized and accepted by Krishna. The gopis used to go to Krishna in the dead of night even against the chastisement of their relatives, husbands, brothers and fathers. One gopi who was locked up by her husband to prevent her from going to Krishna, left her body so that she can be with Krishna. The hunch-back woman Trivakra is another example of how one can satisfy Krishna even through lusty desire.

Krishna willing, we will see in the ensuing offering why Krishna accepts even contaminated and perverted devotion, how the process of purification from material contamination happens and the best attitude we must cultivate towards Krishna.

Thank you very much.
Yours in service of Srila Prabhupada and Srila Gurudev,
Uma Prathap
Abu Dhabi.