Hare Krishna Prabhujis and Matajis,
Please accept my humble obeisances. All glories to Srila Prabhupada and Srila Gurudeva.
This is the transcription of the wonderful class given by HG Vaijayantimala Mathaji on S.B.5.19.3.
om namo bhagavate uttamashlokaya nama aarya-lakshana-sheela-vrataaya nama upashikshitaatmana upaasita-lokaaya namah saadhu-vaada-nikashanaaya namo brahmanya-devaaya mahaa-purushaaya mahaa-raajaaya nama iti
"Let me please Your Lordship by chanting the bija-mantra omkara. I wish to offer my respectful obeisances unto the personality of Godhead, who is the best among the most highly elevated personalities. Ypour Lordship is the reservoir of all the good qualities of Aryans, people who are advanced. Your character and behavior are always consistent, and You exhibit exemplary character to teach others how to behave. There is a touchstone that can be used to examine the gold, but You are like a touchstone that can verify all good qualities. You are worshipped by brahmanas who are the foremost of all devotees. You, the Supreme Person, are the King of Kings, and therefore I offer my respectfulo obeisances unto You."
In this verse Lord Rama is glorified in 8 ways by the devotees. We have seen the first 4 ways of glorification of Rama in the previous mails. Let us continue with the next glorification.
5. saadhu-vaada-nikashanaaya - to the Lord, who is like a stone for examining all the good qualities of a saadhu.
Touch stone is used to verify the quality of a pure gold. In the same way, Rama is like a touch stone to verify all the good qualities. We have already seen the minimum 16 qualities of Lord Rama. Once King Dasaratha sees himself in the mirror and found one grey hair near his ear, immediately he decided that he has become old, so he has to handover the Kingdom to Rama. That time he thinks about all the good qualities of Lord Rama. There Valmiki again writes one full sarga about the good qualities of Lord Rama. King Dasaratha wanted to know the opinion of his citizens about the coronation of Rama. When he said his opinion, immediately everybody said that let Rama become the King. Intention of Dasaratha is to hear the glorification of his son from everybody. Rama possess unlimited good qualities. We will see very few of them to relish the qualities of Lord Rama.
1. Prashaantaatma - Peaceful in mind
2. Mrdu purvakam bhaashate - Speaks softly
3. Madhurabhashi - Speaks sweetly
4. Purvabhaashi - First one to initiate talk
5. Priyam vadah - Pleasing in speech
6. Uttaram na prapadyate - He did not react to harsh words spoken by others
7. Feels glad even by whatever way a good thing is done to Him
8. He does not remember any number of bad things done to Him
9. When He finds time even while practising archery Rama used to converse with elderly people, elder by conduct, knowledge and age
10.Buddhiman - Wise man
11.He did not speak untruth
12.Receptive and worshipful to the elders
13.Smrtimaan - Had a very good memory power
15.Sahaayavaan - Helping others
16.Amogha krodha harsashca - His anger and pleasure was not wasteful
17.Sthita prajnah - Steady consciousness
18.Na asadgraahah - Not stubborn
19.Na durvachah - Never spoke evil words
20.Always alert.6. Brahmanya-devaaya - Who is worshipped by the most qualified brahmanas.
The topmost of the devotees are called brahmana vaishnavas. Vaishnava means pure devotee of the Lord. Krishna says in Bhagavad Gita, the four classes of men are brahmana, ksathriya, vaishya and sudra. This classification is based on your qualities and activities and not on birth. There is a beautiful saying,
janmanaa jaayate shudrah / samakaaraad bhaved dvijah
veda-pathaad bhaved viprah / brahma-jaanaatiti braahmanah
"By birth everyone is sudra. And when he is reformed, when he is culturally rebirth, taken rebirth, then he is dvija, twice-born. And after being dvija, veda-pathaad bhaved viprah. Veda-pathaad means this knowledge, scriptural knowledge, Vedic wisdom. By studying this Vedic wisdom he becomes a vipra. And after studying, when he knows, 'Oh, I am spiritual. I am not this matter,' and he knows the constitution of himself, constitution of the Supreme Lord, then he is brahmana".
From this we can understand who is a brahmana. Krishna gives the qualities of a brahmana in Bhagavad Gita 18.42, "Peacefulness, self-control, austerity, purity, tolerance, honesty, knowledge, wisdom and religiousness" - these are the natural qualities by which the brahmanas work". If a person possess all these qualities then he is a brahmana. This human form of life is a very valuable asset which has been given to us so that we can understand how to solve the problems of life. The main problems of life is birth, death, old age and disease. Only in human form we can understand this. Just like in a company chairman is provided with good facilities. The same facility will not be given to the clerk. Because the chairman has more responsibility. But if a chairman performs the work like a clerk then he will become a clerk. Similarly if we do not use this human form for stopping the 4 miseries, then we will be degraded.
Why Krishna has given a high worshipable position to Brahmana? Lord Kapiladeva says in the 3rd Canto of Srimad Bhagavatam, Chapter 29 and verses 28-32. It is mentioned in a hierarchy that who is the best person for Him. The topmost person is the pure devotee executing devotional service without expectation of reward. In SB 10.86.53-54 Krishna says "By his very birth, a brahman is the best of all living beings in this world, and he becomes even more exalted when he is endowed with austerity, learning and self-satisfaction, what to speak of devotion to Me. Even My own four-armed form is no dearer to Me than a brahmana. Within himself a learned brahmana comprises all the Vedas, just as within Myself I comprise all the demigods".
We will see some of the incidents where Brahmanas worshiped Rama from Ramayana in the ensuing mail, Krishna willing.
Thank you very much.
Yours in the service of Srila Prabhupada and Srila Gurudeva,
Anuradha devi dasi,
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