Fixing the Mind on Krishna - Part 8

Fixing the Mind on Krishna - Part 8

2nd Apr 2014
Sudarshana devi dasi

Hare Krishna Prabhujis and Matajis,
Please accept my humble obeisances. All glories to Srila Prabhupada and Gurudeva. 

This is in continuation of the transcription of the nectarean class of our beloved spiritual master H H Mahavishnu Goswami Maharaj on Caitanya Caritamrta Adi-lila verse 2.117 on the occasion of the disappearance of Krishnadas Kaviraja Goswami, author of the great literature Caitanya Caritamrta. In the previous offerings we heard 9 points. In this offering let us continue to hear from Maharaj about the three kinds of devotees.  

9. Three kinds of devotees: In Srimad Bhagavatam verse 11.2.46 there is description of another kind of devotee who is bit higher than the kanishta adhikari. That is the madhyama adhikari. And it is very nicely described,

īśvare tad-adhīneṣu bāliśeṣu dviṣatsu ca
prema-maitrī-kṛpopekṣā yaḥ karoti sa madhyamaḥ

ishvare tad adhineshu / baalisheshu dvishatsu ca - These are the four things. Four things are given in one line and second line lists four things - prema maitri krpopekshaa. This type of devotee is called madhyama adhikari. He has prem - He loves the Supreme Absolute Truth. Then tad adhineshu - those who are attached to Krishna through devotional service, He is friend to them. He is friend to all living entities. Then balisheshu - those who are ignorant, for the ignorant people, he has krpaa. He is merciful to them and dvishatsu ca - those who are completely averse to devotional activities, for them he doesn't care. He just ignores them. These are the four relationships - love for God, friendly nature to friendly attitude people, merciful to the ignorant who are innocent and those who hates this process, he just ignores them. Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati Thakura very nicely describes this attitude in his literature also and he says that preachers do like this. Preachers are very friendly to the devotees, very merciful to the innocent or people who are completely neophytes and they ignore people who are opposed to this, so that they can carry on their preaching. And this is madhyama adhikari. Now when we talk of uttama adhikari, Srimad Bhagavatam verse 11.2.45 says

śrī-havir uvāca
sarva-bhūteṣu yaḥ paśyed bhagavad-bhāvam ātmanaḥ
bhūtāni bhagavaty ātmany eṣa bhāgavatottamaḥ

sarva bhuteshu yah pashyed / bhagavad bhaavamaatmanah - When we see in every living entity, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, then he is regarded as the uttama adhikari. And in Bhagavad Gita verse 7.19 Krishna says

bahūnāṁ janmanām ante jñānavān māṁ prapadyate
vāsudevaḥ sarvam iti sa mahātmā su-durlabhaḥ

After many many births we can come across this uttama adhikari and he sees everything as the potency of Krishna. Then he hates nobody. He doesn't have any grudge about anybody. He goes on doing his seva. And that is uttama adhikari and this is mentioned by Caitanya Mahaprabhu in the Adi-lilla verse 2.117 of Caitanya Caritamrta. 

Krishna willing we shall hear more nectar from Maharaj in the subsequent offerings.

Thank you very much.
Yours in service of Srila Prabhupada and Srila Gurudeva,
Sudarshana devi dasi