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BG 2.20

Transcendental Pills


(Maharaj singing Bhajan followed by Manglacaran, prayer to Krishna and then katha)

Maharaj: It’s beautiful to see you all, you know. It’s very nice that perfection of our life is to glorify the Lord thru chanting His names and singing His songs. Unless we achieve this perfection, we are all always disturbed and this disturbance is increasing in this age because it is, this age is Kali yuga you know. Kali yuga means the age of quarrel, disagreement and disturbance. Even the government will not allow you to sit silent. There are so many things which we are always worried of and the greatest worry is our body. This is the greatest worry. We want to be very happy in this body and we are never happy. Frankly speaking we have to dependent upon so many medicines and this pill and that pill. For the whole of the lifetime we are on pills, because the pill factories should run. They want to run the factories, they don't want to cure you. That is definite. So instead of that we should take this transcendental pill of Krishna's topics - the topics about the God. Now, why we should do is a great question before us. The answer is very easy.

As we depend on our food - prasad, our body is dependent uponn our food. So we have another existence apart from the body and that is our soul’s existence. And the soul is only satisfied if it is connected to the Supreme-soul, which is God. Somehow or the other we miss this link and that’s why we are miserable. When we think about soul, there is very nice description in Bhagavad-Gita. There are 8 symptoms of soul. What is soul you know? It’s in 2nd chapter, very nice description. And this soul is the same in every body. There is no difference whether the human being is Christian or Muhammadan or Hare Krishna or whatever it is. Doesn't make any difference at all. As soon as there is a human body, there is a body and there is a soul. That is definite. And that’s why our faith, our religion is known as sanatana religion that is eternal. It is eternally true. Nobody can deny the existence of the soul because we know the difference between the live body and the dead body. When the soul leaves the body, the body stops working. And that proves that in the live body, there is some motive force and that is soul. And in Bhagavad Gita, in the song sung by the God. God Himself describes what soul is. Then hear nicely:

( BG 2.20 )

na jāyate mriyate vā kadācin, nāyaṁ bhūtvā bhavitā vā na bhūyaḥ
ajo nityaḥ śāśvato ’yaṁ purāṇo, na hanyate hanyamāne śarīre

There are eight qualities of soul and everybody has this soul and everybody has these eight qualities. na jāyate  it’s not born, na mriyate it never dies. And that’s why when the person die, we tell that John has gone away not that John is dead. His body is dead we know. And that’s why we tell, ‘John is passed away’. ‘Passed away’ is the correct word ‘gone away’. So this shows that we always believe that soul is eternal. That is ingrained in our existence. There is no need of somebody telling that soul is eternal. It is eternal according to Bhagavad-Gita and that is why we tell ‘the person is gone away’ you know. He is somewhere, the soul is somewhere, the body is dropped. That is the main thing to be remembered regarding the soul. na jaayate mriyate - There is no death for him. Nobody can kill the soul. Such a very tiny thing that it cannot be even perceived. So what to talk of killing.

na jaayatae mriyate vaa kadaachin, naayam bhutvaa bhavitaa vaa na bhuyah

These are the three stages. kadaachin bhavitaa vaa na bhuyah.  bhutvaa it was never that it was not there in the past – bhutvaa, kadaachin bhutvaa bhavitaa, then bhavitaa means in future - It is not that, it will be there in future. bhavitaa vaa na bhuyah, bhuyah means present tense It is not that it is coming now. No! It doesn’t have past tense, it doesn’t have future tense and it doesn’t have present tense also. Always it is existing. That is the third quality. First quality is not born, not dead and the third quality is, it was always there. And it is always there and it will be always there. This is the eternity of the soul.

And then we come to the fourth quality ajo nityah shaashvato 'yam puraano. aja means unborn. That is the fourth quality. nitya -ever-existing. That is fifth quality. Ajo nityah shaasvat means eternal, sixth quality. Then puraano means oldest that is seventh quality. na hanyate hanyamaane sharire is the eighth quality. That when this body is dead, it is never killed. These are the eight qualities of the soul.

And then in order to know more about the soul, we go to Srimad Bhagavatam. There are beautiful verses in Srimad Bhagavatam about the soul. Its 7th Canto, 7th Chapter and verses number 19 and 20. Beautiful verses to think about the soul. aatmaa nityo 'vyayah 12 qualities in two lines. Again the soul is described very nice in pages of Srimad Bhagavatam. Remember these 12 qualities, beautiful verse you know and Srila Prabhupada's purports are beautiful. If you find time please go through these two verses at least.

(SB 7.7.20-21)

aatmaa nityo 'vyayah shuddha, ekah kshetra-jna aashrayah
avikriyah sva-drg hetur, vyaapako 'sangy anaavrtah

etair dvaadashabhir vidvaan, aatmano lakshanaih paraih
aham mamety asad bhaavam, dehaadau mohajam tyajet

aatmaa nityo 'vyayah shuddha, ekah kshetra-jna aashrayah, six qualities, in the first line there are 6 qualities. aatmaa nityo 'vyayah shuddha, ekah kshetra-jna aashrayah, avikriyah sva-drg hetur nine qualities. vyaapako 'sangy anaavrtah twelve qualities. Beautiful, you know. You can meditate on this verse for the whole of your life time. Because unless you understand the soul, it is very difficult to get this particle and get it connected to the Supreme-soul. And when we describe the qualities of the soul, the same qualities could be applied to the Supreme Lord. That is the benefit in studying about the soul. As soon as you recognize the qualities of the soul, there is no difference between the quality of the soul and the quality of the Supreme Lord. That is the beauty of the description of the soul. The eight qualities which we have described they are very well applied to the Lord also. And then we have the glimpse of what God we are talking about. These are 12 and 8 means 20 qualities we have in front of us of God and our own soul, because our on soul and God is qualitatively they are same. And as soon as the one quality is connected to the same quality it become satisfied. As soon as our soul gets connected to God thru chanting His names:

Hare Krishna Hare Krishna Krishna Krishna Hare Hare, Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare

We become completely satisfied. And because we don't do these things, we don't connect ourselves to God, that is why we are unsatisfied always. In this country at the moment even now, plenty of everything is available. Money is there, families are there, house are there, nice halls are there. This is the perfection of this hall - that we are discussing about God you know. Otherwise this hall is dead. Without the discussion of God, what are you going to do here? You will be afraid to come here because it is a ghost place otherwise. In order to make the best use of the properties, we must day and night sing the glories of God. And then only your house will be alright, then only your halls will be alright. Then only your cars will be alright and your money will be alright.

If you take these material possessions minus God, means it is zero. It has no value at all. Everything belongs to God. And that is why it is very beautiful to understand these verses and try to take the lessons, permanent lessons from these verses. Otherwise our life is completely useless. And as it is without God, we are suffering a lot. The invalidity goes away as soon as you remember the God and if you daily remember the God, in old age also, you will be young. That is the beauty of it. That is why our saints, sages and gurus and our scriptures, they are not wrong. They are very correct and if you follow this sincerely, you will have definite results. You will not require the doctors, you will not be frustrated. You will not feel alone. This is the medicine for the lone moments. Those people who cannot tolerate the lone moments, they never are satisfied, always frustrated. And because of this frustration our health goes bad. We don't know that there is a relationship between the frustration and our own well-being. We don't know that and that is why we are just wandering about in the world without any anchor. If the ship is not properly anchored, it will go on any way, anywhere. That anchor must be there and the anchor is remembering God. We should always be connected to God. Otherwise we are just moving then according to the…….. As soon as the wind blows in any direction that ship leaves immediately. So without anchor, then it’s no use. As soon as the ship is anchored, then however hard the storm may be there, but it won't move at all. And it will be completely fixed on one place.


And this is the most important thing to understand about the soul, to understand about God. And then with full understanding we should love God. Then only we can love, otherwise we can’t love. Then only we can love if you understand what you are loving to. If you want to marry, you must know the person. That ‘Oh! This is the person’ and this is doing this, this is doing that, this is doing that. Then may be you love him. But without knowing the person how can we love? It’s impossible. Without doing these things, we cannot do at all. This is very simple thing. If you want to love a person, you must know about him. If you want to love God, you must know about God. And knowing about God through the scriptures is the perfection of our life because that will lead you to eventual devotional service. Which will cure all your diseases. And not only that, but in any situation, which will give you a very nice looking body - It doesn't matter whether old or young or whatever it is. This is the medicine for youth, it is eternal youth. And that is how we come to this, this point and we try to understand why we are worshiping the Lord.

Our Tom you know, knows those 4 verses you know. Give them 4 verses from Bhagwat Geeta. He is coming from Belgium. A nice boy you know. And he was with me in Calcutta and he has studied, he has studied seed verses. And he knows 12th chapter also. Come on Tom recite……

(Tom recites seed verses 10.8 to 10.11 with support from Maharaj)

ahaṁ sarvasya prabhavo, mattaḥ sarvaṁ pravartate
iti matvā bhajante māṁ, budhā bhāva-samanvitāḥ

mac-cittā mad-gata-prāṇā, bodhayantaḥ parasparam
kathayantaś ca māṁ nityaṁ, tuṣyanti ca ramanti ca

teṣāṁ satata-yuktānāṁ, bhajatāṁ prīti-pūrvakam
dadāmi buddhi-yogaṁ taṁ, yena mām upayānti te

teṣām evānukampārtham, aham ajñāna-jaṁ tamaḥ
nāśayāmy ātma-bhāva-stho, jñāna-dīpena bhāsvatā

Maharaj: And he knows 12th chapter also and he is working hard in the temple you know. Now these verses are very important because in the first verse it is very nicely described why we worship God. Aham sarvasya prabhavo God says “That everything depends upon My energy”. Aham sarvasya prabhavo and mattaha sarvam pravartate - "Everything emanates from Me". And iti matvaa those who know this bhajante they worship me. Because we people know that everything depends upon God, God’s energy and everything emanates from Him. Those who know these two things iti matvaa bhajante they worship Me. And how they worship bhaava samanvitaah – “With loving devotional service they worship”. And that’s why we are worshiping our own we try to understand our own soul and we have come to that verse from Srimad Bhagwatam. You understand those 12 qualities


 ātmā nityaḥ means always existing, that is eternity of atma. 'vyayah means without decay. It doesn't have dwindling. No old age to our soul. When we were five years old, when we were ten years old and now we may be forty years old but the soul is same. The body is changing. The change is to body and not to the soul. And that’s why when we recognize the soul, our body also co-operates. Everything material co-operates when we think about God and when we think about the soul. Because everything is emanating from God. These lights are coming from God, these bricks are coming from God, the whole plaster is coming from God, the man who have constructed these, they also from God. So everything is coming from God. And that is why it is nityaḥ - ever existing. And when you discuss about the ever-existing your life becomes perfect. And then you don't need any extra effort to satisfy yourself by smoking or drinking or eating meat or this or that you know. No! You don't require anything. You just require:

Hare Krishna Hare Krishna Krishna Krishna Hare Hare, Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare

Like a mad person, we should not be victimized by these inebrieties. Stop smoking if you are smoking. Smoking is not the perfection of our life. The perfection of our life is to recognize the Lord and how to recognize the Lord? We have the part and particle of God in our heart.  So know that particle and that is known as self and self-realization. As soon as you realize yourself, then you realize God. And that is how we understand God.  - nityahavyayah means 'without decay', shuddhah without contamination, it does not have any material contamination at all.

nityo 'vyayah shuddha, ekah - it is individual. Soul is always individual and it remains individual. As soon as you die, and if you have remembered God, then you go to God's kingdom and therein you serve Him very nicely. And if you don't accept any other body, then you are saved from birth, death, disease and old-age. These are the miseries of our body. The body has got to be born, body has got to die, body has got to be old and body has got to be diseased. So we try to avoid these bodies and we eventually by chanting God's names, we achieve our own spiritual body and eternally we stay in the service of the Lord lovingly. And that is the main function of this human body. In other bodies we cannot understand God. The cow can’t understand, the dog cannot understand, the bird cannot understand. But we have super-consciousness and in this consciousness, we can understand the God.

So Nityah 'vyayah ekah, then shuddha means without contamination. Ekah fourth quality and that is individual. Then fifth quality we come to kshetrajna – He knows the whole body. The soul knows whole body whereas the God knows whole creation. That is the difference. Soul is very tiny so the soul have some idea about the body. But God has full idea of the whole construction, whole creation. It is very easy to understand. Those who stay in this building, because they are staying here always, so they know how many rooms are there. You know your flat. So because we are very nicely situated in this building, so we know how many flats are there, who stays there, how many rooms are there? Because we are always here, we are like owner of this building and that’s why we know fully well. So the God is the owner of everything, so God knows every nook and corner of His creation. And that is known as kshetrajna.

And sixth quality is aashraya. Aashraya means supreme foundation of everything. Everything depends upon the God's energy. And He controls His energies. Any time He can destroy something or He can create something. That is His potency. And if He creates the things, through His internal potency, then that thing becomes very beautiful. You take the example of the grain, wheat. One wheat or one rice. In that such a small grain, He has put the living cells. As soon as we eat rice we are nourished. As soon as we eat chapattis or puris or wheat bread, we get nourished. That is coming from the internal potency of the Lord. Through His internal potency, He squeezes the living cells into a small grain. That is His potency, we can’t do it. 

If we want to imitate the God, we will have a bottle, a big bottle. And even then it will be a completely mess, we were not perfect at all. Whereas God, every grain He enters. And the beauty of these grains is, that the plant dies before the grains come out. So He grows the plant, there is a living entity in it. But as soon as the living entity leaves, the whole potency is squeezed into one grain of rice. The whole potency is squeezed into one wheat. And same quality - there are thousands of wheat grains but everything has a same quality. And if we eat one groundnut even then you get the same benefit. And that is groundnut or coconut and grains and this and that.  And plant dries and then it produces the grains. That’s best. God's energy we cannot really imagine. And this is how He is known as unlimited and inconceivable acintya. We cannot think about Him. And that is aashraya, aashraya of everything. He is foundation for our own body, He is foundation of our own building, He is foundation of our own car, He is foundation of our own food. Where are you going to search the God? This is the best quality of Godaashraya.

Then seventh quality avikriyah –never changing. He never changes. Same, always same. nitya nava navaayamaanam - Always it is new, Always it is fresh. He is avikriyah.  Then svadrg eighth quality very nice quality - svadrg means self-introductory. You don't have to introduce God. That "This is Krishna." No! Everybody knows. Everybody knows, everybody knows, as soon as you come to Krishna, you know that He is God. Do I have to introduce anytime. But we require introduction. ‘Hey! This is Shruti’ you know or ‘That one is David’ (laughter). So we have to introduce that, ‘He is David, coming from England’. We don't have to introduce Krishna that ‘This is Mr. Krishna’ (laughter) ‘Coming from Goloka Vrindavan’ No! No! He is self-eminent. That is God and you become self-eminent when you think about God constantly. That is the quality we acquire. As soon as you think about it, you become the same thing. And then there is no need of introduction. You know, by your figure you can tell that he is a godly man. And this is how we have to be godly and become self-eminent you know. There is no need of introduction then. Immediately we see the devotees and we think that Oh! Shaved head is there, tilak is there, so he is a devotee. So this is how it become self-introductory then. That is svadhrg.

And hetur- purpose, the main purpose of our existence. vyaapakah means all pervading - Vaasudeva – vas, vas means to stay everywhere and that is why it is known as Vaasudev. He is correctly known as Vassudev because He is all pervading. mattah partaram naanyat kinchid asti dhananjaya – ‘Apart from Me, nothing exists.’ That is very clearly stated in Bhagavad Gita. And this is how we should recognize the Lord and the soul. Soul has a tiny quality of the same qualities which are the reservoir of the qualities in God. And we derive the same qualities because we are part and parcel of God. And because we are all part and parcel of God, we don't hate anybody, we love everybody because we know we are brothers and sisters. Our common father we have. As soon as you accept the common father, we don't hate anybody. We all very like each other. Whether we know each other or not, it doesn't matter but we are all same. And whatever is good for me, should be good for all the living entity. And that is how our saints and sages, since of millions and millions of years they have meditated on these points. And very nicely discerned the correct thing. Now there is no need of doing any exercise for us. No! No research. No! Nothing at all, it is ever ready. It’s just ready to eat. Semi solid, you can drink that liquid. It is ready but we are so very lazy that we are not able to take it and drink it even. Everything is ready but this is our laziness and laziness kills us. Please don't be lazy, try to learn Bhagavad Gita.

(Maharaj is teasing one devotee Chandrakant)

You people are  here, How many verses you have done Chandarkant. Since last 15 years….. He is coming to the temple and body is increasing (laughter) and the brain is completely empty (laughter). There are so many reasons that I am very busy’. See there is not only Chandrakant, we are all Chandrakants (laughter). This one is elder brother of Chanderkant (laughter). See the body is quite all right (laughter). Lakshmi is cooking and he is eating (laughter). I will have to instruct Lakshmi not to cook. Let me see her, bring her here. I will see that you have fight (laughter). So this is, this is the way we should come to God. Otherwise if you don't understand then you don’t come. sva-drg, avikriyah sva-drg heturvyaapakah means all pervading.


Asangi means he doesn’t have association of the material body. He stays in the body for 60-70-80 years and never gets mixed. At the end of the body, clearly he leaves and migrates to another body. This is asangi and anaavrtah means completely open - uncovered. These are the 12 qualities of Krishna. If you can meditate on these qualities, who will stop thinking about God. Only the mad man. Are we mad? Yes! If you don't come to God, you are mad. That is pure and simple - crazy. Because you are attracted to the material thing unnecessarily and that attraction, that possession will not continue. The time is bound to come when you will be completely separated. So it is better to understand these points and come to the right conclusion and definitely think that soul is very important. We have to realize the soul and the same time as soon as there is self-realization, there will be God realization also. Self-realization and God realization go hand in hand. There is no difference. That’s why we have beautiful book you know, self-realization book. (‘Science of Self-realization’ by Srila Prabhupada). Please go through Srila Prabhupada's literature and make your life perfect. And if you don't have any time to go through, then just hear. That take the beads and chant continuously.

Hare Krishna Hare Krishna Krishna Krishna Hare Hare, Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare

And that continuous chanting will definitely help you to understand everything. Everything is completely clear. Otherwise if you don't do it, then there are so many fears in the material world. We are always afraid. Always afraid. In order to drive away the fears, this is the medicine. And the greatest fear is that we will die. That is the greatest fear. By continuously chanting we skip over the death also. We are not afraid of it. It is bound to come but we are not afraid of it. Because we are ready. We have remembered God, we have understood God and we are always with God. So it doesn't matter whether we are alive or dead, it doesn't. We know that our soul never dies. So that is the beauty of the whole thing. Otherwise material existence you know, all the time it is troublesome. All the time it is………

What is that, there are nine fears you know. It’s very nice verse.


Bhartrihari, from the Vairaagya shatakam, wherein the nine different kinds of fear are mentioned.

bhoge rogabhayam, kule chyutibhayam, vitte nrupaalaad-bhayam
maane dainyabhayam, bale ripubhayam, roope jaraayaa bhayam
shaastre vaadibhayam, gune khalabhayam, kaaye krtaantaad-bhayam
sarvam vastu bhayaanvitam bhuvi nrnaam vairaagyameva abhaya

"There is fear of disease in the enjoyment of sensual pleasures; fear of decline in lineage; fear of kings in riches; fear of humiliation in honour; fear of enemies when in power; fear of oldage in beauty; fear of disputants in learning; fear of the wicked in virtue and fear of death in embodied souls. All facets of man's life on earth engender fear. Renunciation alone gives fearlessness."


bhoge rogabhayam, kule chyutibhayam, vitte nrupaalaad-bhayam these are three fears.

maane dainyabhayam, bale ripubhayam, roope jaraayaa bhayam
shaastre vaadibhayam, gune khalabhayam, kaaye krtaantaad-bhayam
sarvam vastu bhayaanvitam bhuvi nrnaam vairaagyameva abhaya

Very beautiful verse you know. He says first fear bhoge rogabhayam. Bhog sense gratification. Excessive sense gratification will give you a diseased body. That is a greatest fear. If you watch too much TV, your eyes are going to be bad. If you perform any sense gratification activity, you will be completely diseased. We have experience of this. So we have to reduce the sense gratification and that is known as tapa - austerity. And if you don't perform tapa, austere life, then you fall down - pata, reverse. Either you perform tapa or you pata - means you fall down. Otherwise you cannot surviveCan never survive without tapa. And tapa is the voluntary austerity accepted to realize our soul and the Super-soul. That is tapa. And this bhoga comes in a way. It is the impediment in our realization. And particularly excessive sense gratification will completely mar your body. Please try to avoid this. There is a regulated freedom for enjoyment and we have to follow these rules and regulations in order to enjoy also materially. Otherwise bhoge roga bhayam.

There is very nice verse over there - bhogaana bhuktaa - vayam eva bhuktaabhogaana bhuktaa "I am not enjoying". vayam eva bhuktaa I am enjoyed. We think that ‘I am enjoying’. No! You are not enjoying, you are enjoyed. You know camel he eats the twigs of the tree you know and those thorns cut his tongue and he thinks that this tree is beautiful, taste like a blood you know. He is tasting his own blood but he thinks that the blood is coming from the leaves. That is our enjoyment. You enjoy and you think ‘oh! It’s a best enjoyment. You are killing yourself. And the time comes, when his tongue becomes completely sour and he can't eat the leaves even. This is bhoge roga bhayamPlease don’t go into this. There is so much to be told you know but we are controlled by the time.

Anyway bhoge rogabhayam, kule chyutibhayam. Kul, kul means family. We are very proud of our family you know. Here these royal families in England - they are very much afraid that they will lose the name. Anything happens to them and they are in the headlines you know. So this is, they are afraid and more they are afraid, all of them are divorced (laughter). Not a single one is there. So this is how they are always in trouble. This kule chyutibhayam. And vitte nrupaalaad-bhayam – third bhaya. Vitta means money. As soon as the tax man sees that your balance is increasing, he invites you with the checkbook (laughter). And that invitation has got to be kept. You go there and pay. He wants, this is vitte nrupaalaad-bhayam. As soon as the money increases the king is there to take its share. There are no kings now but the tax man is there (laughter) and he will definitely cut your head. "Oh you are earning 300 pounds, give me 50 pounds." And you can't hesitate then. You can deny to your wife, - "Hey, why should you want money?" (laughter) then, "Take, take."  This is vitte nrupaalaad-bhayam. Third…….. This one is bubbling you know (laughter). He doesn’t …………..

(Maharaj speaks in Gujrati)This is third bhaya you know……….

Then maane dainyabhayam - If you expect respect, you will be disrespected. And that is the greatest bhaya. So that is why our Caitanya Mahaprabhu forces us, you know what is it? Amaaninaa maana denaa' - You should not expect any respect and give respect to everybody. That is the safe way. If you respect everybody, the person to whom you respect will gain the health and you also gain health. By respecting others you become happy and he also becomes happy. On the contrary if you disrespect anybody, he loses the health and you also lose the health. So do you want to lose the health or increase the health? It depends upon you, choice is yours. And if you want to increase, means you have to give respect to everybody and don't expect any respect from anybody. That is fourth bhaya.

Then what is it, bale ripubhayam - if you are strong, there will be somebody to contest with you. So that is also a bhaya. Then sixth bhaya is very important roope jaraayaa bhayam – roopa, roopa means beauty. If you have beautiful body jaraa is there, old age is there. The same beautiful body will become like a monkey body in the old age. We had been to Fiji and we had very nice program and there was……. His mother 95 years old you know. She was not able to talk. Once that body must be very beautiful. But old age kills the beauty. Without the attraction of the Lord, we cannot keep alright in the body also. Please this is the main requirement for your own health and body. It’s not that you are doing something for Krishna. You are just doing for your own self. Don't leave these beads.

Hare Krishna Hare Krishna Krishna Krishna Hare Hare, Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare

Then in old age also, your body will be beautiful. That is the key of the beauty. Otherwise beauty will be completely marred as soon as you go to old age. That is greatest fear and we cannot avoid, it is bound to come. It is coming, it is coming. We cannot press our white hairs you know. How long you are going to press? The whole thing will be like a snow. So please try to follow these very seriously. It is sixth bhaya.

And then seventh bhaya is shaastre vaadi bhayam - If you are very proud that ‘I know shastras’ you know. So then you will be defeated by somebody else. The escape from this fear is very important and that is why we should be very humble to learn from the child also. 

(Maharaj speaks in Gujarati)

I will explain it how danger it is. Not to learn from anybody or try to cover our ignorance you know. There is a nice story you know. There was one son- in-law you know. You know son-in-law jamai. (Maharaj speaks in Gujrati)

So what he was doing that formerly there were villages you know. So from his own village he wanted to go to father-in-law’s village. He dressed quite nicely you know. He was jamai you know son-in-law. So ….. and everything but the fellow was night blind you know. As soon as there is darkness he was not able to see anything but he did not want to revel this thing in son-in-law’s village. So he started to go, he said within no time I will reach before dark you know. Because he wanted to cover the defect you know, he didn’t want to tell them frankly that I am having this defect and please help me you know. Somebody might have helped him. But he didn’t want you know. Arrogant, we don’t want to learn from anybody. So he think that I am very…….

That is how we cover up our ignorance. And then what happened that in the way he was very slow walking. So night darkness was there and as soon as there was darkness he stopped seeing anything. Now he didn’t want to reveal that he is night blind because son-in-law you know. And in the village, it is a small village you know. So if there is one family’s son-in-law becomes the son-in-law for the whole village (laughter). In London you may be a son in law of one family, nobody knows you but in village everybody ‘Hey damad aya’ (laughter). So even the cowherd boy knew him you know. So he thought that I should not tell that I am night blind…………