Today we are reading from 4th Canto Chapter 7 Sacrifice performed by Daksha and verse no 6.
Om namo bhagavate vasudevaya (3)
tadā sarvāṇi bhūtāni
sādhu sādhv ity athābruvan
now this bhūtāni you should be very particular that it is long u. if it is short u the meaning is different. So you have to be very careful which words are long and which words are short. tadā sarvāṇi bhūtāni and the pronounciation should be accordingly, you know. bhūtāni bhūtāni, bhū is long and ni is short, you know.
tadā sarvāṇi bhūtāni
sādhu sādhv ity athābruvan
the second line beginning, you have to be a bit careful. parituṣṭa, ātmabhih, tāta there are three words. parituṣṭa, ātmabhih, there is visarga, two dots, you know, and the two dots are converted into sa when it is followed by ta. So parituṣṭātmabhis tāta you pronounced wrongly. parituṣṭātmabhis tāta, please repeat again. No, the full verse, full verse.
maitreyaḥ — the sage Maitreya; uvāca — said; tadā — at that time; sarvāṇi — all; bhūtāni — personalities; śrutvā — after hearing; mīḍhuṣtama — the best of the benedictors (Lord Śiva); uditam — spoken by; parituṣṭa — being satisfied; ātmabhiḥ — by heart and soul; tāta — my dear Vidura; sādhu sādhu — well done, well done; iti — thus; atha abruvan — as we have said.
Translation by Srila Prabhupad, Prabhupad ki Jai. Please repeat.
The great sage Maitreya said: My dear Vidura, all the personalities present were very much satisfied in heart and soul upon hearing the words of Lord Śiva, who is the best among the benedictors.
Now Purport by Srila Prabhupad, Prabhupad ki Jai.
In this verse Lord Śiva is described as mīḍhuṣṭama, the best of the benedictors. He is also known as Āśutoṣa, which indicates that he is very quickly satisfied and very quickly angered. It is said in Bhagavad-gītā that less intelligent persons go to the demigods for material benedictions. In this connection, people generally go to Lord Śiva, and because he is always quickly satisfied and gives benedictions to his devotees without consideration, he is called mīḍhuṣṭama, or the best of the benedictors. Materialistic persons are always anxious to get material profit, but they are not serious about spiritual profit.
Sometimes, of course, it so happens that Lord Śiva becomes the best benedictor in spiritual life. It is said that once a poor brāhmaṇa worshiped Lord Śiva for a benediction, and Lord Śiva advised the devotee to go to see Sanātana Gosvāmī. The devotee went to Sanātana Gosvāmī and informed him that Lord Śiva had advised him to seek out the best benediction from him (Sanātana). Sanātana had a touchstone with him, which he kept with the garbage. On the request of the poor brāhmaṇa, Sanātana Gosvāmī gave him the touchstone, and the brāhmaṇa was very happy to have it. He now could get as much gold as he desired simply by touching the touchstone to iron. But after he left Sanātana, he thought, “If a touchstone is the best benediction, why has Sanātana Gosvāmī kept it with the garbage?” He therefore returned and asked Sanātana Gosvāmī, “Sir, if this is the best benediction, why did you keep it with the garbage?” Sanātana Gosvāmī then informed him, “Actually, this is not the best benediction. But are you prepared to take the best benediction from me?” The brāhmaṇa said, “Yes, sir. Lord Śiva has sent me to you for the best benediction.” Then Sanātana Gosvāmī asked him to throw the touchstone in the water nearby and then come back. The poor brāhmaṇa did so, and when he returned, Sanātana Gosvāmī initiated him with the Hare Kṛṣṇa mantra. Thus by the benediction of Lord Śiva the brāhmaṇa got the association of the best devotee of Lord Kṛṣṇa and was thus initiated in the mahā-mantra: Hare Kṛṣṇa, Hare Kṛṣṇa, Kṛṣṇa Kṛṣṇa, Hare Hare/ Hare Rāma, Hare Rāma, Rāma Rāma, Hare Hare.
What time is it? 8:30? No, 9. So we have taken a long time. Daily you finish at 8:30? No, 9 o’clock.
cakṣur unmīlitaḿ yena
Particularly to discuss about the Lord is very rare, you know. People meet so many times, but they don’t always discuss, hardly they discuss really. So many are coming here daily, it’s very important to discuss. Everybody wants to come here, they discuss all business talk, all nonsense, take some garbage and go. They are very much attracted to these computers, etc you know. And that’s why you people are very important. Now, the same point is discussed here. But the point is that we are never attracted to this Srimad Bhagavatam Purana. It is known as Maha Purana. And before we try to understand this particular verse, it is much essential that we should know the importance of this Maha Purana. This Puran word is really wrongly translated by the British when they wanted to destroy our Vedic culture in India. Because unless they destroy our own culture, they would not have succeeded in our country. And that’s why they wanted to cut the roots of our civilization. And in order to cut the roots, they cunningly, they are very clever, you know, because they wanted to impress that only English education is the best education. And only their culture is the best culture to be followed. And only their city on this planet, that is London is the best place. And I tell you, that really speaking, if Krishna wants to curse you, He will send you to London. There is nothing there, nothing. You go there and you have fumes there all the time, it’s damn dark and cold, very, very lazy life. Because Krishna knows that we like to sleep. So, those living entities who are very much attached to sleep so they are sent to London. Go, there is no sunshine, cold, damp, you know, dark, cover your head and lie down. People don’t get up unless they are forced to get up. Because many times we are tired of the bad language we there speaking, that’s why, then only they get up. Otherwise we try to sleep. That is our tendency. This body is lazy lump and it doesn’t want to get up. Somehow or other just to move this lump is a great endeavor. I don’t know how you wake up early in the morning? You feel, no, because the climate here is very good. So anyway, this Puran word you must understand. pura bhavati iti purana. It’s very nicely said. pura, pura means before. The events which have taken place before, they are narrated into this Puran. And that’s why, this, the correct translation of this word is “the historical facts”. And particularly these historical facts they are discussed into Maha Puran not according to the chronological order. You take our material history, and there you find in chronological order, that certain king was born, then he married 17 times, he produced one hundred children and he went away, or he conquered this country and that country and this and that. This is chronological order. But you will not find the history in a chronological order into this Puran. Because this Puran is not an ordinary puran. It’s not the material historical book but it is transcendental, spotless, amalam, there is no mal to it, there is no dirt into this Puran. And because it is amalam only the transcendental facts are discussed here. And the author has not worried himself about the timings or this or that. He only wants to glorify the Supreme Personality of Godhead, that’s all. That is the purpose of this Maha Puran. And our Britishers because they wanted to destroy this, they gave us wrong translation and they translated the Puran word as mythology, and we accepted it. and even now, the best learned persons in India, they call this Puran and all other Purans as mythology. Mythology is mentally concocted ideas. They think that there is no order, when Daksha was born, or when he is , there is no timings, nothing at all, when Sati was there, when Siva was there, and they think that this is all mentally concocted thing. They don’t have any value materially. And that’s why we also think, “oh, is it? mythology. So let us go and become Christians. Because Bible is the best. Frankly speaking, the Bible was written and rewritten and rewritten and rewritten so many times and particularly you must be knowing that king in England, Henry VII or somebody, he wanted to divorce his wife and remarry again. So formerly according to the Catholic faith, it was not allowed. So he asked the permission of the Pope that he should marry, or divorce his wife and remarry. Pope denied the permission. The fellow got upset. He called all the gurus you know and ordered them to write the Bible according to his requirements. And that is Bible. So many times rewritten and rewritten and rewritten and so many things are added and so many things are really taken out from the original scripture. We have come across one copy of Bible you know which was direct translation from Arabic language. And that copy was preserved in Quebec in one of the monasteries. The best book ever I have come across as Bible, you know. And all of these reincarnations, then vegetarianism and so many other topics, they are exactly as we have got in our Vedic, our own culture, that is Bhagavad Gita, Srimad Bhagavatam, Ramayan, Mahabharat, etc. the same principle are narrated, there are no difference at all. But as soon as they tampered with it again and again, they have completely misguided the population. Whereas you take our scriptures, Srimad Bhagavad Gita, 700 verses, since the last 500 years no one has added a verse or taken out the verse. There may be different translations. But it is the original 700. Then, in this Puran and other Puranas, we have set no of verses. In Srimad Bhagavatam we have 18000 verses, and still they are 18000. There may be different interpretations, but the original is not changed. And because we have these scriptures, as they were and thanks to Srila Prabhupad, he has given us Bhagavad Gita as it is. And Srimad Bhagavatam also as it is. So that is why, it carries the most important message from the Absolute Truth. And that is why it is very important to understand these scriptures. And that’s why Srila Prabhupad has insisted that every day in the morning we should discuss and try to get attracted to these scriptures. And the importance of this scripture is very nicely described in Bhagavatam itself. But as I told you, we were completely misguided by the rulers, or Britishers, you know. They were bent upon to kill our civilization. Because they fully well knew that our own culture is far more excellent than their own traditions. And that’s why if they want to rule the country they have to misguide the people. And they did it very carefully. You must be knowing his name. what was his name? he was the head of the education system. British educational system. Lord Mcalley. You have heard the name? Mcalley means some aristocratic. And we know aristocratic means they pass three quarters of their lives in the pubs, and that was the head of the education system in India. And because he was white we were worshiping. You know, as soon as we see the white person, we start to worship him. So what happened he was to prepare the report for the government and the whole report is worth reading. I won’t go to the details but one sentence I will tell you. And it will prove how foolish he was to write that sentence in the report. I remember the sentence, you know. He didn’t know what he is writing. But he wrote just to misguide, you know, and the sentence is that a shelf of English literature is much more valuable, and English literature means this Hamlet and Macbeth and what not, you know, the whole thing. A shelf of English literature is worth more than a godown full of Vedic literature. He said a godown full of Vedic literature. The fellow did not know anything about Vedic literature. And he did not want to know. But he just condemned the Vedic literature as mythology, because he did not understand at all and he did not want to understand. And because of this he compared the godown full of this literature with the shelf of English literature with the poor literature of Hamlet and Macbeth. And we people..
End of tape.
Others you know, for years together, for years together just to get the honours degree in BA, we have to study this non sensical literature for years together. And then we were getting up early in the morning at 4 ‘o’ clock in the morning and Hamlet, what Hamlet, king Hamlet (laughs) what to be and not to be enjoyed. Oh God! Completely nonsense. We wasted so much time just to get a degree. And after getting degree we didn’t know what to do? Because we were not worth of anything (laugh). This was our education and those degrees London and everything was so very important you know. So we neglected our own villages, which were very nicely. At least in our villages we were drinking pure water. We went to London to drink the purified urine (laughs). We are drinking purified urine. And that is London. Oh London its urine also is very nice (laughs). This was completely nonsense. And if we understand these things, then we will be very much attracted to our own literatures. Please there is no comparison to this and Srila Prabhupada was very kind to do so much labour to make it very clear in front of us. In fact the importance of Srimad Bhagavatam is very nicely described in Bhagavatam itself. It’s in 12th canto 13th chapter and verse number 18. It’s worth remembering that verse you know to know the importance of the scriptures because unless we understand the importance it’s very difficult to concentrate. That verse is really beautiful you know.
Yes (SB 12.13.18)
śrīmad-bhāgavataṁ purāṇam amalaṁ yad vaiṣṇavānāṁ priyaṁ
Very nice lyric also you know.
śrīmad-bhāgavataṁ purāṇam amalaṁ yad vaiṣṇavānāṁ priyaṁ
yasmin pāramahaṁsyam ekam amalaṁ jñānaṁ paraṁ gīyate
tatra jñāna-virāga-bhakti-sahitaṁ naiṣkarmyam āviskṛtaṁ
tac chṛṇvan su-paṭhan vicāraṇa-paro bhaktyā vimucyen naraḥ
Beautiful (verse) you know. The whole thing is included in this verse. And it shows the importance of this transcendental scripture.
He says in the first line śrīmad-bhāgavataṁ purāṇam, it is a puran, it is a history. And what kind of history it is? Amalam, there is no mal. There is no dirt into it. There is no material contamination into it. As soon as we give ourselves to the material activities we get contaminated. Not only that, but as we have accepted this body we are completely contaminated. And that’s why our endeavour is not to accept another body. Not to have another material body. That is our endeavour because with the body we are completely contaminated. We cannot free ourselves from the contamination till we are into this body. Anybody, the material body will increase our affinity to do the material activities. And material activities are four. You know that eating, sleeping, mating and defending. And these activities we go on repeating again and again and again and again. It 8 million and 4 hundred thousand different species of life. This is very correct, 8 million and 4 hundred thousand different species of life.
Please open your ears and remember the number of the species. They are very clearly given in our scriptures. No other scripture gives you the explanation of 8 million and 4 hundred thousand different species of life. And it’s beyond our experimental power to carry the experiments and to count the species. We have to trust we have to have the full faith in our scriptures. And the number is very nicely described somewhere you know.
Yes, jalajā nava-lakṣāṇi jalaja means in water, the species in aquatics they are 9 lakhs. We will count in lakhs and it will come to 8 million and 4 hundred thousand species. Then sthāvarā lakṣa-viṁśati sthavara means those living entities who don’t move. Trees and plants etc., 20 lakhs. So 9 in water and 20 lakhs sthavar i.e., those who don’t move. Then jalajā nava-lakṣāṇi sthāvarā lakṣa-viṁśati kṛmayo rudra-saṅkhyakāḥ, krmayah means insects, rudra sankhyakah means 11 lakhs. Then
pakṣiṇāṁ daśa-lakṣaṇam ., pakshi means birds 10 lakhs. How many?
9, 20, 11, and 10.
Calculate how much? Where’s computer? You are expert in computers.
50 lakhs; definite! (devotee says yes) You are correct alright he is correct.
So 9, 20, 11, and 10. And then may come to pashu i.e., beasts paśavaḥ triṁśal-lakṣāṇi 30 lakhs pashu. i.e .cows, dogs etc. So 80 lakhs and then mānuṣāḥ catur-lakṣāṇi, and human beings 4 lakhs, so 84 lakhs. It comes to 8 million and 4 hundred thousand species of life.
This knowledge is a very powerful knowledge. These are very common words for us but you don’t know that the ordinary people don’t have any idea that they are suffering and they have to undergo these whole species. By Prabhupada’s mercy we people are well conversant with these facts. But these facts are completely- ordinary people they don’t have any idea about these things because they are so very engrossed materially. They don’t have time to think about these things. This is the knowledge described in Srimad Bhagavatam. And because it is described in Srimad Bhagavatam - yad vaiṣṇavānāṁ priyaṁ, that’s why this puran is very dear very dear to the vaishnavas.
And then in the second line very nicely it is described by Vyasa Bhagavan, yasmin pāramahaṁsyam ekam amalaṁ jñānaṁ paraṁ gīyate; ekam, ekam means only one. Amalam -spotless, jnan- knowledge, parigityate -is sung, into the pages of this paramhamsyam -hamsa you know Swan and you should know the nature of the swan. If you give water and milk together mixed in front of the swan - then swan has the capacity and only swan that it will only sip the milk and leave the water. So we should be swanlike but we are transcendental swans. This material inebriety’s, material activities and material contaminations is offered to us with the spiritual ideas. So we only sip the spiritual things and relieve the material thing. And that’s why we are known as paramahamsa. We are swan no doubt but we are transcendental swans. And what are we doing that we are ignoring everything and sipping only one knowledge ekam amalam jnanam parirgiyate. And that is Srimad Bhagavatam.
And then he says in third line – it’s very nice. He says tatra – there in, in Srimad Bhagavatam, there are stages how to follow the knowledge jñāna-virāga-bhakti-sahitaṁ first stage is Jnana-knowledge. It gives us [coughs] it gives us a very good knowledge. Then virag- detachment, it teaches us how to detach ourselves. And then bhakti, it teaches us how to develop the devotional service. It’s very nice example could be given you know.
We people like to sleep you know. Without exception everybody likes to sleep. As soon as we have some time, we just lie down. Don’t do anything at all. We are experienced. It’s better to be honest with us. Don’t unnecessarily increase your increase your value you know. You have to recognize your own body. And this body will always force you to sleep. This is this is the important thing we have to remember. And we people, what we do? Because of Srila Prabhupada’s mercy and these scriptures we are awake now. We know that sleeping is no good and this is our knowledge. And then we know that saying in English you know ‘Early to bed and early to rise is the way to be happy, healthy and wise and wealthy also’ you know. As soon as we hear wealthy, oh we like it. Money is honey! Oh! We want to become wealthy, we want to become wealthy; and if you want to become wealthy, then early to bed and early to rise. So we go to bed early but we don’t want to rise early you know very nice (9:56 unclear) forget about it. Yes, early to bed means we may go to bed early, but we don’t want to rise early. And until and unless this knowledge of getting to bed early and rising early is put into practise it doesn’t create any virag. It doesn’t create any detachment. Unless you are detached from your bed, how are you going to wake up? You cannot just lie in the bed and just tell ‘I am alright’, ‘I have woken up’. No, you can’t do it. Unless you leave the bed you will not be able to put your knowledge into practise and that is how virag is required. Detachment is required. And once you are detached with the knowledge, then the natural result will be that your devotional service will increase. You may know the Lord because Lord is also amalam- spotless. And in order to reach, in order to approach the spotless Lord we must be spotless in our own activities. And that is devotional service.
And this way, first comes the knowledge then comes the detachment and then automatically you develop the devotional service. And when you develop the devotional service then comes the question of our own activities. And they should become nishkarma, they should become without any - producing any sinful reactions. Our karmas don’t produce anything. We have got up at 4 ‘o’ clock in the morning, took nice shower, just put on nice clothes. We have come here, we glorified the Lord again we chanted our rounds and then again now we are discussing Srimad Bhagavatam. There is no sinful reaction. Whatever reaction is there is very welcoming reaction. And this is the way the karma, the activities should be transferred into the favourable activities. And that’s why all our scriptures advise us to have the association of the favourable the people-Satsang. It is known as the association of the devotees. If your association is bad, today or tomorrow or day after, you are going to be bad. So don’t be under illusion that carrying on the bad association you will be good. NO. It’s completely impossible. That’s why Garuda puran advises you very strongly in two lines you know. That puran is best, Garuda puran. And there is a verse, very nice verse. It advises us to follow four things.
kuru punyam aho ratram
smara nityam janardanam.
(Jai Srila Mahavishnu Goswami Gurudev ki Jai)
Jai Srila Prabhupad ki Jai.
Have you any doubts or comments? It is very important to understand the importance of the scriptures. Then we are attentively then study the scriptures.
Do you know any verses from Srimad Bhagavatam? Any? Yes. No verse? Which one
Devotee: what is Prabhupada put in front ‘ kaumaram acaret pragya’
Maharaj: Yes very nice and any other
People look at us as a modern devotees you know. So we have to learn the scriptures. And last night we were in Zurich you know in Switzerland. And I was giving Srimad Bhagavatam class and I asked in the class does anybody know any verse from Bhagavad Gita. I thought that it’s all white group you know, Swiss boys so nobody knew anything. So one boy raised the hand and his name is Ramakanth. He is the initiated devotee by Hare Krishna ( 17:33 unclear). And he raised the hand so i thought that he may be knowing may be 1 or 2 verses. So I asked him what verse you know! He said 700. Really he has learnt whole Bhagavad Gita then in order to test him I told him to recite 11th chapter which is very difficult very dry. But even then he recited to my surprise he recited the whole chapter. Very nice boy you know he is working outside also in BBT computer services or something like that working for the whole day. Then I asked him that how long did you take to learn the 700 verses. And he said that in one year he learnt the verses and in next year he learnt the translations. And now all 700 verses with English translations are ready into his mind. How powerful knowledge he should have you know. We cannot remember 1 or 2 verses. 700 verses the whole philosophy is in his brain, you know! This is how if the Swiss boy can do, I think we can do very easily. The only point is we should stop wasting time. No doubt we are very busy. In sankirtan we have to free this place and buy this place, this is all we have to do. But with this our attention should be to the scriptures. It’s not ( 18:58-59)
And start from 12th chapter and 15th chapter. We must learn 12th and 15th chapter. 12th chapter has 20 verses and 15th also has 20 verses. Start from there. And in 10th chapter there are 4 important verses in Bhagavad Gita verse number 8, 9, 10 and 11. They are known as chatuh shloki Bhagavad Gita. You must learn those verses today. Chatuh shloki 10th chapter verse number 8, 9, 10 and 11. And then once you learn the verses within 2 minutes you will be able to recite them. And daily go on reciting while taking shower or this or that. Don’t waste your time. It’s very nice verses you know!
ahaṁ sarvasya prabhavo
mattaḥ sarvaṁ pravartate
iti matvā bhajante māṁ
kathayantaś ca māṁ nityaṁ
tuṣyanti ca ramanti ca
dadāmi buddhi-yogaṁ taṁ
yena mām upayānti te
aham ajñāna-jaṁ tamaḥ
Translation is wonderful because whole Bhagavad Gita is squeezed into these 4 verses. And that’s why these 4 verses are known as chatuh shloki Bhagavad Gita. And if you have the translations- oh! You will have plenty of knowledge.
It will give you why we worship Krishna in the first verse. Then once we decide to worship Krishna how to behave as a devotee is described in the second verse. In the third verse how to obtain this knowledge, could we do it and if you can do it how to do it is described in the third verse and the effect is described into the fourth verse. This way the whole Bhagavad Gita, all 700 verses are squeezed into these four verses.
You should start and today you should do and tomorrow we will see how many of you can recite, try to understand. Ok. Hare Krishna!
Jai srila Mahavishnu Goswami Maharaj ki Jai.
Vaancha kalpa tarubhyash ca krpaa sindhubhya eva ca
Patitaanaam paavanebhyo vaishnavebhyo namo namah.
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