The All Munificent Purushottama - Part 10

Hare Krishna Prabhujis and Matajis,
Please accept my humble obeisances. All glories to Srila Prabhupada and Srila Gurudeva.

This is in continuation of the previous offering titled, "The All Munificient Purushottama" wherein we were meditating on the various incarnations of the Lord and how specifically the Lord manifested His quality of being a Purushottama.

Lord Krishna as Purushottama When the Pandavas returned from forest 13 years of exile, they asked for their kingdom back. Sanjaya came as a messenger from Kauravas to convey that Duryodhana is not returning the kingdom and war is the only solution. Yudhishtra did not want a war and hence wanted someone to go as a messenger from their side. They discussed among themselves and finally decided to take shelter of Lord Krishna and request Him to be their messenger. For a reputed person, going as a messenger was NOT considered a great activity. It is because one can face great humiliation and even dangers while going as a messenger. So Yudhishtra humbly appealed to Lord Krishna as follows (Mahabharata 5.70.77)  to be their messenger as there was no one else to take shelter of.

īdśe hy arthakcchre 'smin kam anya madhusūdana
upasa
praṣṭum arhāmi tvām te puruottama

“We are stuck in this big tricky situation. Except You , O killer of Madhu demon, I do not know anyone else to whom I can ask for help and guidance O Purushottama”.

He addressed the Lord as Purushottama implying that the Lord is always willing to lower Himself for the benefit of others. All Pandavas and Draupadi told the Lord what they wanted to convey to Kauravas and how Krishna should speak. The Lord humbly heard all of them and finally told Yudhishtra “Please tell me what I should do for you. I will exactly obey you and execute all your orders”. Though being the Supreme Person the Lord was willing to go as a messenger and face all humiliation and even life threat from Kauravas. And when the Lord reached Hastinapura, He met the King and said He will come the next day and stayed that night in the house of Vidura. Vidura lovingly fed the Lord with variety of foods and served Him. He requested Lord Krishna not to go for peace mission the next day. Vidura said to Lord Krishna “Duryodhana is not listening to the good advice of Bhishma, Drona and other good persons. So tomorrow even if You speak beneficial words for the Kauravas, he will not listen since he is supported by Karna and Sakuni. Also there are many kings who are inimical to You and waiting to insult You. Also there is a plan to arrest You and kill You. So please do not go there tomorrow.”

Lord Krishna was very pleased with the love of Vidura and replied to him, “Vidura, you are like my father, mother, friend and well wisher. So I respect your words. I already know what you have said. But please hear My intention. I do not want all the soldiers on both sides and supporter of both sides to die unnecessarily because of the foolishness of Duryodhana.”

hita hi dhārtarāṣṭāṇḍavānā tathaiva ca
pthivyā katriyāā ca yatiye 'ham amāyayā
hite prayatamāna
śaked duryodhano yadi
hdayasya ca me prītir ānṛṇya ca bhaviyati
jñātīnā
hi mitho bhede yan mitra nābhipadyate
sarvayatnena madhyastha na tan mitra vidur budhā

I will sincerely endeavour to bring welfare for the sons of Dhritarashtra, Pandavas and all kshatriyas of this world. While I am endeavouring for the welfare of all these parties, even if Duryodhana judges Me wrongly, I don’t mind and I will have the satisfaction of My own conscience for My efforts. A true friend is one who carries the functions of an intercessor when dissensions break out between relatives”. (Mahabharata 5.91.13,14)

Here the Lord uses the word mitram. ‘Mi’ means destruction and ‘tra’ means one who protects. The Lord declares Himself as Mitra of both Pandavas and Kauravas. Here He was willing to lower His position and go as a messenger for the benefit of Pandavas. Though Duryodhana was planning to arrest and kill Lord Krishna, He tried to stop the worst carnage that will happen if there is war between Kauravas and Pandavas. He wished good for Kauravas as well in spite of their evil intentions. This He wanted to do at the risk of great humiliation. So He is rightly called as Purushottama. Bhishma recollected this role of the Lord as messenger, when he was lying on the bed of arrows and glorified this Purushottama in Srimad Bhagavatam 1.9.20

ya manyase mātuleya priya mitra suhttamam
akaro saciva dūta sauhdād atha sārathim

O King, that personality whom, out of ignorance only, you thought to be your maternal cousin, your very dear friend, well-wisher, counselor, messenger, benefactor, etc., is that very Personality of Godhead Śrī Kṛṣṇa.

Krishna willing we shall see about the other incarnations in the ensuing offerings.

Thank you very much.
Yours in service of Srila Prabhupada and Srila Gurudeva,
Narahari Krishna das
Chennai.