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AC means Austerity and Cleanliness

Verse Number
SB 1.18.30

Gurudev chants the verse 1.18.30 and devotees repeat

sa tu brahma-ṛṣer aṁse gatāsum uragaṁ ruṣā
vinirgacchan dhanuṣ-koṭyā nidhāya puram āgataḥ

Gurudev reads the word to word and devotees repeat:

saḥ — the King; tu — however; brahma-ṛṣeḥ — of the brāhmaṇa sage; aṁse — on the shoulder; gata-asum — lifeless; uragam — snake; ruṣā — in anger; vinirgacchan — while leaving; dhanuḥ-koṭyā — with the front of the bow; nidhāya — by placing it; puram — palace; āgataḥ — returned.

Gurudev: Translation by Srila Prabhupada. Srila Prabhupada ki Jai!!!

While leaving, the King, being so insulted, picked up a lifeless snake with his bow and angrily placed it on the shoulder of the sage. Then he returned to his palace.

Purport by Srila Prabhupada. Please hear: The King thus treated the sage tit for tat, although he was never accustomed to such silly actions. By the will of the Lord, the King, while going away, found a dead snake in front of him, and he thought that the sage, who had coldly received him, thus might be coldly rewarded by being offered a garland of a dead snake. In the ordinary course of dealing, this was not very unnatural, but in the case of Mahārāja Parīkṣit's dealing with a brāhmaṇa sage, this was certainly unprecedented. It so happened by the will of the Lord.

om ajñāna-timirāndhasya jñānāñjana-śalākayā
cakṣur unmīlitaṁ yena tasmai śrī-gurave namaḥ

This verse should be clearly understood. oṁ, is the addressing to the Lord. We have seen first day that in Bhagavad Gita in 7th chapter verse number 8 Kṛṣṇa gives you five situations in which you can see Kṛṣṇa.

raso 'ham apsu kaunteya prabhāsmi śaśi-sūryayoḥ
praṇavaḥ sarva-vedeṣu śabdaḥ khe pauruṣaṁ nṛṣu

We saw that raso 'ham apsu kaunteya, apsu means water. "I am the taste in water", He says. Every time we drink the glass of water, as soon as the water comes in front of us we must pay the obeisances because it is the energy of the Lord. And He says in the taste of the water He is present. And second situation is prabhāsmi śaśi-sūryayoḥ, prabhā means shining, śaśi-sūryayoḥ means moon and sun. We see the sun shine, it's Kṛṣṇa. Moonshine is also Kṛṣṇa. Without the sunshine nothing will grow. Our health also depends upon sun. Our hunger also travels with the sun. Early in the morning we are slightly hungry. But at 12'o clock when it is mid-day the sun is in the middle of the journey, to go to the evening, finishes journey. So, when it on mid-day our hunger blooms. And at 12'o clock, 1'o clock we must have prasadam that time. The modern civilization is killing our hunger. Because they go at 9'o clock in the morning to the office. For the whole of the day, they are in the office. At 12' o clock they don't have time.

You people are lucky here that 12'o clock you take the prasadam. Otherwise in modern cities which are called the first world they don't eat at the time when they are hungry. And when they are not hungry in the evening, they take big meal. And then there is indigestion. And then the factories of Eno is running. You drink so much Eno. What can Eno do? It will kill you before you die. This is the, as soon as you go against the natural laws, your body is going to be diseased. And that's why we have to understand these things. As soon as we see sunshine or the moonshine, moon is very helpful. Moonshine is very helpful. This sun, evaporates the water in the big mass, water mass, we have so many oceans and beaches and so many water surfaces, it is bigger than the land mass in our planet. And all over the water surface, wherever there is water, sunshine evaporates it. And as soon as the evaporation is there, the moonshine forms the cloud. And then, the energy of the Lord, wind drives the clouds to the land mass and then if Kṛṣṇa orders and then there is rain. Otherwise, the clouds just pass away. This is how our whole life depends upon sunshine, moonshine and water in which we are advised to see Kṛṣṇa. These are very common instances. Every time we should be reminded of Kṛṣṇa and that is the verse which we saw yesterday, mac-cittā, our minds are always engaged in Kṛṣṇa. Because we see everywhere Kṛṣṇa.

Then the third situation is praṇavaḥ sarva-vedeṣu. "In all the Vedas pranava mantra "omkar" is I am." He says. And that is why Omkar is non-different from Krishna. So when we address our Gurumaharaj, then he is also non different from Krishna. He doesn’t believe that he is Krishna. That is the difference. We are all servants of Krishna and at the best, we can be servant of everybody. And frankly speaking, we are not the lord at all. Everywhere you see, you are serving. Either you are serving your family, you are serving your wife, or children, you are serving yourself or whatever it is always you are serving. Because the constitutional position of our soul, being very tiny can only be servants and never be the lord. As soon as you try to lord it over, we spoil the whole thing. So far as we remain servant, we are very happy. And that is why when we change the names to Krishna's names or initiate names, then we add das to it. "Krishna das…(distinct)das….das". das means servant. dasi you know Radha devi dasi. dasi or das servant, we are all servants and it is better to remain servant than to lord it over. So far as we remain servant, we respect the "Omkar" also and then the "Om" we don’t chant alone. Otherwise, we are bound to be impersonalists. That’s why "Omkar" is followed by the name of Krishna. “oṁ namo bhagavate vāsudevāya

Then after praṇavaḥ sarva-vedeṣu, sabda khe—in the ether, "I am the sound", He says, and sound is the main root of all creation. Because by the transcendental sound of Krishna, the whole material manifestation comes into existence. Because of the sound, we are put into this material existence. In our body also, 24 hours a day, since we are born, before we are born, when we were 3 months old, our embryo was in the mother's womb, our heart started beating. And that beat has a sound. If you keep your fingers on your pulse, you will see that sound. You experience that sound. Or if you close your ears, then you hear the factory going on inside. Inside is a great factory. So much blood is being pumped out every second of our existence. So much blood is collected and distributed to the limbs.

Then the food is digested. Different juices are created. They are supplied to the limbs. The whole factory is going on. This body is a big complicated machine. In our brain alone, there are millions of nerves, which are thinner than the hair. How long does it take to cut one nerve and as soon as one nerve is burst in the brain, then the whole brain is covered with blood. And as soon as the brain is covered with the blood, the brain is the controlling point of the whole body. So as soon as it is filled with blood, you lose the control of the body and you die. They call it meningitis. Any stress on our brain, any worry, any envy of other people, they create a danger of getting this brain nerve cut.

And that’s why the Bhagavad Gita or Srimad Bhagavatam advices that in the practical life, we should never be angry at each other. If you become angry, may be the man or woman to whom you are angry may not suffer, but you are in a danger of cutting your nerves. So never get upset, never get agitated. No agitation—very peaceful. Very peaceful. Nothing is in our hands. Everything is in the hand of Krishna and the more peaceful you are, the more you will be happy. Otherwise, you create the agitation and you suffer more than the others. And this is how, we come to the scriptures to understand these things. Never insult anyone. All the relations should be very amicable. People are bound to create, inflict misery on you, because we are all envious of each other and because we are envious of each other, they all—everybody, except yourself, we belong to one species. And there are 8 million 400 thousand species. All other species try to inflict misery on you. So how can  you ward it off? You have to tolerate and don’t get agitated at all. These are the instruction of the scriptures so that your health will be alright.

We are really surprised after reading all the descriptions about our own body. It is very difficult to understand that how the soul stays in this body for 70 years or 80 years or 90 years, I don’t know. It should not stay for a single second because this body is not his existence. But even then, this existence we have got and in order to understand this, in order to understand this point, we must go to the person who knows about these things. And that is oṁ ajñāna-timirāndhasya. oṁ ajñāna we are ignorant of these situations. ajñāna, we don't have any jñāna. We don't have any knowledge about the real situation of our own body, of our own soul. We don't have any situation; we don't have any knowledge of what was before we came to this world. We don't have any knowledge about what is going to happen after we go away. This is ajñāna. And this is ignorance. And this ignorance has got to be dissipated. And we have seen in the 3rd verse of Bhagavad Gita (10.10) teṣāṁ satata-yuktānāṁ. That's why the people who are always engaged in understanding Krishna, teṣāṁ satata- yuktānāṁ bhajatāṁ prīti-pūrvakam and we worship Him lovingly. Those people who are always engaged in understanding Him through the scriptures and those people who try again and again and again lovingly worshiping Him daily, then "dadāmi buddhi-yogaṁ tam." He gives the intellect to understand Him and as soon as this intellect is given by Him, through the mercy of the Guru, then we revere our Guru as Krishna Himself. And this is the secret of this mantra. oṁ ajñāna - we are ignorant and because of ignorance, we are in darkness. andha – andha means dark.

oṁ ajñāna timirāndhasya. Because we are in timir, timira means darkness. Here there is light now sunshine. And that's why we can see everything here. But as soon as it is dark, with all eyes open, we will not be able to see. It is like that. We are completely in darkness and because we are in the darkness, andha, we are blind. We cannot see with our open eyes also. So, we must go to the person who knows and who can dissipate our ignorance. teṣām evānukampārtham aham ajñāna-jaṁ tamaḥ - teṣām evānukampārtham - "To be merciful to those living entities, I sitting in their hearts dissipate the darkness of ignorance by the shining lamp of knowledge." This knowledge is coming from the Gurus, the people who know about this science, who has realized. This is the main thing to be understood from this verse. Then we go to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.

(Maharaj then continues with invocation prayers starting from "sri caitanya manobhistam...)

Then we should daily in Bhagavatam class, you should recite 4 verses from Bhagavad Gita. Those 4 seed verses (Gita 10.8-11). Daily make it a practice to recite with the translation and the more you come, the more you hear about Krishna, Krishna inside our heart, is situated in our heart - sarvasya cāhaṁ hṛdi sanniviṣṭo He says in Bhagavad Gita. "I am situated in everybody's heart." So, when we hear about Krishna, Krishna inside is very pleased. You know when somebody praises us and we are very pleased - "Hey you are very good man", and the we become proud of it and our blood increases because they praised. So, Krishna also when He hears His glorification, He is very pleased and as soon as Krishna is pleased, it shows on your faces. The faces are glowing then because Krishna inside is pleased and that's why His glorification should go on non-stop. If you stop, then we are dead. Without the glorification of Krishna, we are breathing dead. If you want to be alive, you have to be always with Krishna. As we saw four verses from Bhagavad Gita, they are known as seed verses – aham sasrvasya prabhavo etc, the same way in Srimad Bhagavatam also, there are 18000 verses. Out of 18000 verses there are four verses again in Srimad Bhagavatam. In those four verses, the whole Bhagavatam is squeezed. And those verses we sing today. You sing after me. They are in the second canto 9th chapter. The title of the chapter is "Answers by citing the Lord's version." Lord replies to Brahma. And Krishna instructs to Brahma the whole Bhagavatam in 4 verses. So, we may not read 18 thousand in the beginning. But at least these 4 verses (SB 2.9.33-36) should be learnt and understood. Thats why we will recite them today with translation and I leave it to you to learn these verses.

(Gurudev then began to recites om namo bhagavate vasudevaya thrice followed by the seed verses of Srimad Bhagavatam (2.9.33-36) and explain it one by one.)

aham evāsam evāgre nānyad yat sad-asat param
paścād ahaṁ yad etac ca yo ’vaśiṣyeta so ’smy aham

Brahmā, it is I, the Personality of Godhead, who was existing before the creation, when there was nothing but Myself. Nor was there the material nature, the cause of this creation. That which you see now is also I, the Personality of Godhead, and after annihilation what remains will also be I, the Personality of Godhead.

This is the philosophy of Srimad Bhagavatam that it fixes you firm with Krishna. Because when this creation was not there, He was there. With the creation He is there. After the annihilation, the creation is going to be destroyed - This planet, including this planet the whole material manifestation, there are plenty of millions of universes are there. They will all be destroyed. It is the whole material manifestation is functioning on a certain time scale, as our body has its own time scale. The number of breaths are fixed. You cannot breathe one more and every breath goes, your life is decreased. In the same way, the life of this whole manifestation is also decreasing. It is also functioning on a certain time scale. And that’s why in the material manifestation, everything is very temporary and full of miseries, because it is going to be destroyed. As soon as I get attached to this part of the creation, it is going to be destroyed. As soon as it is destroyed, I will be miserable. Because destruction is the main thing in this material world. And He says, "Even if it is destroyed, whatever is remaining - that is I am." And that’s why we have unflinching faith in the existence of the Lord according to the instruction of Srimad Bhagavatam. This is the first verse. Then we go to the second verse. (2.9.34 from Srimad Bhagavatam)

ṛte ’rthaṁ yat pratīyeta na pratīyeta cātmani
tad vidyād ātmano māyāṁ yathābhāso yathā tamaḥ

O Brahmā, whatever appears to be of any value, if it is without relation to Me, has no reality. Know it as My illusory energy, that reflection which appears to be in darkness.

It is clear. Bhagavatam philosophy is clear. O Brahmā, whatever appears to be of any value, if it is without relation to Me, has no reality. Our life also, if it is not related to Him, it has no reality. This is the instruction of Srimad Bhagavatam. Anything this kartal – if they are not used for Krishna, it is not real. This microphone, if it is not used for Krishna, they are not real. If our house, if it is not used for Krishna, it is not real. If our life, if it is not devoted to Krishna, it is not real. Then it is the illusory energy of the Lord. Whatever is without relationship to Krishna, is completely illusory. Completely māyā. We call it. In the first verse, He has given instruction that He is the permanent source of everything. aham sarvasya prabhavo — He explains again in Srimad Bhagavatam

aham evāsam evāgre - I was in the beginning, I am present now, and after this also I will be there. This is very easy principle. And because He is always there, if we get unflinchingly attached to Him, our life will be very comfortable. There won't be any worry at all and if there is no worry, and if our relations are good, if we don’t have any bad ideas about anything, then our health is bound to be blooming. Our health will improve. And with this philosophy, on the other hand, our life must be very simple. We are already simple in our life. We should be completely simple. The artificial necessities will disturb your health. Too much attachment to TV, television etc disturbs our health. Too much attachment to the sound system disturbs our health. Too much hearing of this karmic music, you know this rock music ah ah ah re..I don't how they can hear and for whole night they dance and next day they disturbs. Completely disturbing. Not only that. But I will give you the example. You should remember that how far the life should be simple. We should not use soap anytime. Soap is very harmful. Soap has the caustic soda in it and it burns your skin. Instead of that, we should use the natural material to clean our body. In the olden days, not very long ago 40-50 years ago, we used to use the earth, pure earth to wash our body. But now unfortunately we don't have the pure earth also. Next to pure earth is the chick-pea flour, you know channa dal. It is a best cleansing agent and it will not burn your skin. It will soothe your skin. As soon as you become simple like this, you discard the soap, you no need to spend money for that. Chick peas flour is very cheap and daily there is no need of using it. Water is sufficient. Water is anti-septic and a best cleansing agent.

Because of the water, inside our body, there are always so many wounds. We always eat something and inside, the limbs are very delicate. There are always wounds inside and all these wounds are healed, because of the water. Water is the best antiseptic agent. If you have cuts, then you put water on it and it will be alright. Water is the best antiseptic agent. So don’t use anything daily. But once in a week or twice in a week, as you feel, you should use chick peas flour to clean the body. And then you will see that your hairs will not untimely grey. You will feel very enthusiastic. The chick peas flour is a natural thing. Unless we come to simplicity to this extent, we will not have time to understand Krishna or to understand Srimad Bhagavatam. This is the first thing.

Then the second thing we have to do is that we should be very clean in the place wherein we are staying. The place does not matter maybe it is a tin shade or hut or whatever it is. But it should be completely clean. You people are very young. Fortunately, you have got the energy. Once you get old, you will not have energy at all. And you will require so much assistance. At the moment, you have the energy. So, use your energy constructively rather than to fighting with each other and creating misunderstanding or drinking or cutting some animal and eating it. This is rascaldom. Instead of that, make your place very clean.

Our Srila Prabhupada has his initials—what is his initial? What was it? AC - A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. AC are his initial. Abhaya Charan.- AC, But we don’t call him Abhaya Charan. What is the initial? "A" means austerity. "C"

means cleanliness. He has taught us to be austere, to get up at 4'o clock in the morning - austere. He himself was getting up at 1'o clock. Austerity - Then don’t eat meat, don't eat fish, don’t drink. don’t run after the women. These are all austerities. He has taught us how to be austere. And the austerity only will help you to understand Krishna. If you are not austere, then you will not understand anything. If you are austere, today I was very pleased that 6 'o clock, you started at the correct time. This is austerity, that once we fix our time, we start it. The temple hall is completely clean. That is austerity. As soon as you go away from here, these things has to be folded, they should be folded and kept nicely arranged on the table. It is wrong thing that everything is lying on the table, something is lying here and there. No. Our temple rooms are completely clean and we have arranged.

Nothing to be kept everywhere. No. Our houses also should be completely clean. Nothing should lie here and there. We must have a clear idea what we have and we should arrange them in order. Whatever little belongings you have, you should please arrange it. Whatever clothes you have, clean clothes you have to keep. Whatever you have to wash, you should have full idea. All these things have got to be arranged nicely. If your life is not arranged, then you will not understand anything. These are the basic principles to understand Krishna. Unless you start from the basic way, you will not understand anything about the scriptures. We may come here and give the lectures and go away. But you will not get anything at all, unless you develop these basic good qualities and come completely to simplicity, and this is how you will be able to improve your life style. At the moment your life style is like a dog. You knew how these sheets are lying here and there, like dogs sleeping. These sheets are very horrible to look at. If Prabhupada comes here, he would break your head with his knuckles. He wouldn't tolerate. We should be very, very, very organised. Very organised. And if you are not organised, then you cannot understand the highly organised knowledge which is Krishna. Organisation has got to be there. Such a beautiful hall you have constructed. Keep it completely clean. Daily you should devote, daily you should sacrifice yourself and try to clean the whole place. How nice altar you have kept? The less things are here, the hall will be clean because this is a public place. People will be coming here. At the moment it is not open, that’s why people are not here, isn’t? But people will be visiting here. So, we have to be clean about these things. And Prabhupada’s initials you always remember that you have to be austere and you have to be clean, if you want to be attached to Prabhupada. And without attachment to Prabhupada, you will not understand Krishna. And if you want to be attached to him, you must be austere and must be completely clean. And as soon as we are austere and completely clean, then you will be merciful to everybody. Cleanliness will give you the mercy, quality of mercy. Then you will know whatever you have and what you want. Your things are completely limited way. Then you know everything. Then you can be merciful to anybody and everybody. You will be merciful to your fellow living beings. You will be merciful to the animals. You will be merciful even to the ants.

Jada Bharat was forced to carry the palanquin of the king and there was a rain, you know. So, in the rainy season, the ants cross the way because of the water in the land. So, ants come up and ants were crossing the path. And Jada Bharat was jumping in order to save the ants and when he jumped, the king was disturbed and because of that, the king was very angry. "Rascal—Why are you jumping?" Then he gave the real knowledge. And this is how, we don’t want to kill even the ants, we don’t want to kill anybody. This mercy comes only when you are austere and clean. If you are not austere, if you are not clean, then you will not be merciful. Anything dirty thing comes and you put it into your mouth. In China, we went to China and every living thing, they can eat. Those insects were there. We went to the lake, you know and there were flying insects. And they told that the local people they collect the living insects. They collect in thousands in one pot and they eat them living. This is rascaldom. Because we are not austere, because we are not clean, then we are mad. We catch the living entity and put into mouth. There is no need of it. So much fruits are provided. So much grains are provided. There is no need of touching anything bad. This is because we are not austere, because we are not clean, we are not merciful. And because we are not austere, because we are not clean, our needs are not limited - and that’s why we are not merciful, we cannot be truthful. That’s the thing. These four principles are religious principles.

You have to be austere, you have to be clean, so that you can be merciful, and you can be truthful. I am truthful because my needs are limited. I don’t require anything and that’s why I can be truthful. Otherwise, if I require so many things, then I will take everything, because my needs are more. If your needs are less, then you don’t require. Why should you require? You know that you are not going to take anything. I like this table very

much. But what can I do? I can’t take the table. I cannot take it. Even if I steal it from here, if Ashok (referring to host devotee) denies then if I steal it for example, I cannot take it anywhere. There is no van. Again, I have to request Ashok, "Hey I have to take the stolen table. I need a van." (laughs) Then again, I go to Johannesburg. Again, there will be problem. Where to keep it? So I have to request somebody, "Hey, please..I have stolen the table. Please keep it." I cannot take the table. But the stealing, the stealing has affected me. And it will force me to come back again to this planet and to give the table back to Ashok. This, we don’t know - the theory of karma. We may take something today. I may take the glass - but I will have to come back here. Again, the birth, again the death, again disease, again old age. Why? why? why? We don’t want it. This is the Bhagavatam philosophy and this is the way to understand.

You must have austerity, you must have cleanliness and must be merciful and you must be truthful and then you will be worshiped. Srila Prabhupada was worshipped. Why? Because he was austere. He did not want anything more. He had only 3 dollars. And see in 3 dollars, how many buildings are coming up? This is how lakshmi increases. But by our behaviour, we stop the progress. By our nasty behavior, we put ourselves in miserable condition. This is the main thing to be understood. And if we understand these things, then we can be austere, we can be very clean, we can be merciful and we can be very truthful. And truthful people, merciful people, clean people, austere people are respected everywhere. Nobody respects your body. This body has no value at all. But the qualities of the body are respected. If you only speak about Krishna, you will be worshipped. (Encouraging the devotees in Marundera to preach Krishna consciousness Gurudev says) We want the people from here to talk about Krishna. We are waiting. Our Prabhupada told that in Africa, the Africans must take this philosophy. It is not our job today. You people should learn and you people should go to your people and wake them up. They are all sleeping. That’s why they are not austere, that’s why they are not clean, that’s why they are not merciful. Teach them to be merciful to every living entity.

This life is not meant to kill anybody. It is not. No. As soon as we lose this life, then don't know really what life we will get and then in that we have to behave according to the instinct which are provided by Krishna. But in this life, we can choose how we can behave. This is the main instruction of Srimad Bhagavatam. And these scriptures, they are very much intimately related with our day-to-day life. And if our day-to-day life doesn't improve, then we are putting ourselves in a dangerous situation. With all the facilities available, we are killing ourselves. ātma-hā in short you know. And these are the 4 verses please try to study and tomorrow again we will repeat. So that we will see, we are leaving very soon. So please don't forget these things. At least 8 verses you have to study. Four verses from Bhagavad Gita chapter 10 shlokas 8,9,10, and11 and four from second canto Bhagavatam catur shloki - seed verses of Srimad Bhagavatam 2.9.33,34,35 and 36. Hare Kṛṣṇa. Have you anything to ask? You want to ask something?

Devotee: Should we place Prabhupada's picture on the altar, because when we are offering obeisances to the Deity,...

Gurudev: It doesn't matter because we are hearing Kṛṣṇa katha. Many times, picture of Prabhupada is in front of Kṛṣṇa that you are going to put. And when we face Kṛṣṇa we are, our back is at Srila Prabhupada. So, it doesn't matter. He has, he has insisted that his picture should not be on the altar. His picture should always be in front of Kṛṣṇa So whenever we come to Kṛṣṇa we are bound to show our back at him you know. So, for these things it is allowed.

Otherwise, we don't do.

(Talking to host Maharaj says) And here it's not that cold. So, to have carpets is a luxury. And it incurs so much responsibility. So much! Instead, the houses must be nice, like marble floor or something. And we may have the pieces of carpet, not wall to wall. Because wall to wall you cannot pick up. The pieces you can pick up and clean. That's the thing. House must be very nicely arranged. Such nice houses you have. Such a nice arrangement Kṛṣṇa has given.

Be completely austere and clean, completely clean, thoroughly clean. We should not do anything else. As soon as we get the time, we should learn Bhagavad Gita verses and chant verses and clean our places. (Gurudev laughs) Hare Kṛṣṇa. Hare Kṛṣṇa. All glories to Srila Prabhupada ki jai!!!